name
Bassey Iniko Ekeng
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• Kuban State Technological University
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—Articles count: 2
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OPTIMIZATION OF WELL PLACEMENT IN WATERFLOOD PROJECT IN "X" FIELD NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA
DescriptionWater flooding used in secondary oil recovery to level up reservoir pressure can be enhanced in order to fit the reservoir conditions with the aim to optimally recover oil. One of the important optimization variables to realize this aim is optimal well placement. Various methods have been suggested for this problem. Among these is direct optimization, although accurate, is difficult due to the number of simulations required. Optimal placement of up to six injection wells was studied at the X field in western Niger Delta of Nigeria. Injection rate and injection time was also optimized and net present value (NPV) of the flooding project was used as the objective function. In this case study, it is shown theoretically and by means of Eclipse 100 that according to the basic elementary reservoir characteristics, optimal oil recovery is strongly dependent on well placement pattern and injection rate. Simulation results show that good sweep efficiency can be achieved with a regular pattern with an optimal well position

Description
Waterflooding helps in the recovery of great amount of oil that would have otherwise been abandoned in the reservoir that is depleted. A reservoir in the Niger Delta, Reservoir X has been used to illustrate this. Reservoir X had oil initially in place as 7.345 MMSTB and was produced for some time with the reservoir natural energy. The remaining oil in the reservoir as at the time that the natural energy of the reservoir was no more sufficient to produce oil was 2.96MMSTB. The reservoir has been left as depleted reservoir with the remaining oil in it. But from the analysis conducted in this work it is seen that if secondary oil recovery project by waterflooding is embarked on the reservoir, part of the remaining abandoned oil would be recovered. With the specifications given, about 1.22MMSTB of the 2.96MMSTB of oil in reservoir X would be produced as at the breakthrough time of 580 days. Moreover, considering the economic aspect of the project, reservoir X and is good to be invested in. From the NPV calculations performed, it is seen that the NPV of reservoir X at discount rate of 10% is $4.13 million