Mislivskiy Anatoliy Ivanovich
Organization, job position
• Kuban State Agrarian University
совершенствование технологий производства винограда и привитого посадочного материала многолетних культур, а также обогащение сортимента винограда Северного Кавказа
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Articles count: 5
In this article chemical and technical characteristics questions of vine materials, received from protoclones of grapes of Saperavi grade - one of the basic classical grades of grapes selected in "Pobeda" Joint-Stock Company are taken up. Samples of grapes have been used for preparation of red table wines by mash fermentation on septum in workshop of micro winemaking of The North Caucasian zone scientific research institute of gardening and wine growing. They have not given vine materials identical on physical and chemical and organoleptical features. Samples with low productivity essentially differed on organoleptical qualities from other samples and had the highest sampling estimations that allows to take measures on loading regulation on a grape bush and correct quality of wine in further by means of methods of agricultural technics. For making high-quality table red vine materials it is recommended to use apple-lactic fermentation by means of oxygen-eating bacteria
Step by step results of many year researches of clonal selection of grape varieties: Clairette white, Saperavi, Sauvignon white and Chardonnay, growing in the Ltd company “ Pobeda” of Temryk district of Krasnodar region are cited in the article. Highly productive proto clones were selected. Clairette white is the best one as a variety from them and it was given to the state experiment under the name Clairette temryk.
Grape variety assembly lines by zones of Krasnodar region worked out by the staff of the chair of grape growing on the basis of many years data and with an account of really existing areas of every variety by the end of 2007 have been presented in this article. Assembly lines allow to plan more balanced entering of grape production to the processing enterprises or to a consumer market.
In the given article, innovations of application of Nutrivant-plus spray feeding at Viorika variety vineyards are presented. As a result, it has made more considerable impact on the basic agro biological and technological indicators of a variety, than monokalium phosphate standard fertilizer; it has promoted quantity increase of embryonic inflorescences and their differentiation; stimulated an increase in a weight of a cluster and, as a consequence, increase of a crop from a bush and hectare; considerably accelerated and stimulated process of accumulation of sugars in juice of berries; led to increase in the area of a sheet plate; provided increase of economic efficiency of manufacture of grapes
Clone selection of usually zoned grades of grapes nowadays is made in all countries of the developed wine growing and this way increases not only productivity level, but also quality of raw materials. Process of clone selection is complicated by long-term finding-out of presence of changes of genotypical grade environment. For simplification of selection of a highly productive protoclone of selected grades use of the advanced methods of genetic marking of pluses-transgressions and selection of nucleotidically changed plants with a complex of high values of valuable quantitative signs is necessary