Levchenko Polina Viktorovna
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This article provides an overview of the need of the use of probiotic supplements and medications in the diets of insects, in particular bees and their families. We present a list of both Russian and foreign probiotics and their complexes, which are used in beekeeping for the treatment and prevention of various diseases, are shown. Their effectiveness is shown not only for the prevention and treatment of microbial disorders in the gastrointestinal tract of bees due to the manifestation of antagonistic properties in relation to opportunistic and pathogenic microflora, but also the possibility of their use as tools that can increase the immune status, the safety of bee families, and life expectancy. The article shows data on the positive effect of probiotics on the physiological and biochemical parameters of honeybees, activation of metabolic processes in the formation of a fat body, growth of strength and weight of larvae, development of pharyngeal glands, etc.
The aim of the following research is the studying of the efficacy in probiotic drug Probiolact (0.5% and 1.0%) usage, being in combination with Milkshake supplement. The given complex mixture is meant for medicative-phylactic purposes focused on the reduction of young ones death rate owing to gastro – intestinal diseases when neo-natal period. It is specified that the above-mentioned mixture affects the livestock indices. Thus, the average growth of baseline for the period of 30 days experimenting has been 7.4 kg, whereas in 2 tested groups it accounted for 10.3 kg and 11.6 kg, consequently. Therefore, the best possible daily phylactic doze of Probiolact (1%) and Milkshake mixture demonstrates the positive effect on the pro-cess of bifido- and lactoflora formation in calves’ intestinal tract due to normal flora cells quantity increase. With that, intestinal tract contamination level of disease-producing flora gets lower, and the natural resistance of cell-mediated immunity grows. Thus, two major problems of factory farming (i.e. the reduction of young death rate and surplus guarantee) can be solved with giving calves the mixture to drink, along with the first portions of colostrum, and during the following 30 days