A&E Trounev IT Consulting, Toronto, Canada
Author list of organization
List of articles written by the authors of the organization

SIMULATION OF BALL LIGHTNING IN CONDUCTING ENVIRONMENT
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionIn this work, a model is developed to describe the formation of streamers, plasmoid, and ball lightning in a conducting medium. To describe the contribution of the conductivity currents, we modified the standard electrostatic equation taking into account the vortex component of the electric field. As a result of this generalization, a system of parabolictype nonlinear equations is formulated that describes the formation of streamers, plasma longlived formations and ball lightning. As is known, in laboratories it is possible to create a plasmoid with a lifetime of 300500 ms and a diameter of 1020 cm, which is interpreted as a ball lightning. With highspeed photography, a complex structure is detected, consisting of a plasmoid and surrounding streamers. Within the framework of the proposed model, problems are posed about the formation of a plasmoid and the propagation of streamers in an external electric field. In this model, the plasmoid is considered to be a longlived streamer. The range of parameters in which a plasmoid of spherical shape is formed is indicated. It is established that there are three streamer branching mechanisms. The first mechanism is related to the instability of the front, which leads to the separation of the head of the streamer into two parts. The second mechanism is associated with the instability of the streamer in the base region, which leads to the branching of the streamer with the formation of a large number of lateral streamers closing the main channel of the streamer to the cathode. In numerical experiments, the third branching mechanism observed in experiments connected with the branching of the plasmoid in the cathode region with the closure of the space charge to the anode through the streamer system was observed. The results of modeling the evolution of globular clusters in a scale of hundreds of milliseconds are given. Plasma exchange recharge modes leading to the formation of a positive or negative charge of the system are found

SIMULATION OF TURBULENT FLOW IN A CAVITY ON THE NAVIERSTOKES EQUATIONS
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article deals with the numerical solution of the NavierStokes equations describing turbulent flow in a rectangle cavity or in a cuboid with one open face at high Reynolds numbers. It is known, that there is a mechanism of turbulent mixing in natural systems, leading to an increase in the viscosity of the continuous medium. In this regard, we suggest methods of regularization of the NavierStokes equations, similar to the natural mechanisms of mixing. We proposed the models based on the properties of the turbulent environment. For this we modified the continuity equation taking into account the pressure fluctuations. It is shown that the incompressibility condition is can be violated due to pressure fluctuation even for flows with low Mach numbers. Modification of continuity equation by the introduction of turbulent viscosity allows the regularization of the NavierStokes equations to solve the problems with rapidly changing dynamic parameters. It was shown that the modification of the continuity equation taking into account turbulent fluctuations leads to a system of nonlinear equations of parabolic type. A numerical model of turbulent flow in the cavity with the rapid change in the parameters of the main flow developed. Discovered type of instability of the turbulent flow associated with the rapid changes in the main flow velocity. In numerical simulations found that due to the acceleration of the main flow there is the unsteady vortex flow in the cavity, which is characterized by the integral of energy not vanishing with time, vibrations that have a certain period, depending on the turbulent viscosity

SIMULATION OF TURBULENT MHD FLOW IN A RECTANGULAR CAVITY IN A ROTATING MAGNETIC FIELD
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article deals with numerical solutions of MHD equations describing turbulent flow of a conducting fluid in a rectangular cavity in the rotating magnetic field at large values of the magnetic Taylor number, and Reynolds number. It is known that there is a mechanism of turbulent mixing in natural systems, leading to an increase in the viscosity of the continuous medium. In this regard, we suggest methods of regularization of the NavierStokes equations, similar to the natural mechanisms of mixing. The models based on the properties of currents of the turbulent environment proposed. A modification of the continuity equation taking into account the final magnitude of pressure fluctuations was considered. It is shown that due to pressure fluctuation the incompressibility condition can be violated even for flows with low Mach numbers. Modification of continuity in the system of NavierStokes equations by the introduction of turbulent viscosity allows the regularization of the NavierStokes equations to solve the problems with rapidly changing dynamic parameters, for example, in the case of a conducting fluid flow in a magnetic field rotating with a high frequency. It was shown that the modification of the continuity equation taking into account turbulent fluctuations leads to a system of nonlinear equations of parabolic type. A numerical model of turbulent MHD flow in a rectangular cavity with rapid change in flow parameters was proposed. In numerical calculations revealed that under the influence of a rotating magnetic field in a conducting fluid there are forces occur, causing unsteady vortex flow, which is consistent with experimental data. We have discovered a type of large scale instability of the turbulent flow, connecting with the secondary flow in a form of vortices

SIMULATION OF A STEPPED LIGHTNING LEADER
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionIn this work, a model is developed that describes the formation of a stepped lightning leader in a conducting medium. To describe the contribution of the conductivity currents, we modified the standard electrostatic equation taking into account the vortex component of the electric field. As a result of this generalization, a system of parabolictype nonlinear equations is formulated that describes the formation of streamers and the lightning channel. Numerical simulation of the propagation of ionization waves in a region with a ratio of 1/100, 1/200 allows us to identify two types of stepped streamers in the form of waves of compression and rarefaction, respectively. It was previously established that there are three streamer branching mechanisms. The first mechanism is related to the instability of the front, which leads to the separation of the head of the streamer into two parts. The second mechanism is associated with the instability of the streamer in the base region, which leads to the branching of the streamer with the formation of a large number of lateral streamers closing the main channel of the streamer to the cathode. In numerical experiments, the third branching mechanism observed in experiments connected with closing the space charge to the anode through the streamer system was observed. These branching mechanisms are also revealed when the leader is propagated. The obtained results, as well as the data of numerical experiments confirm the hypothesis of the universality of the minimal model of the streamer, as well as its expansion in the form proposed by the author. Known phenomena of nature associated with the electrical discharge  streamer, plasmoid, ball lightning and stepped leader can be described within the framework of the minimal model

SIMULATION OF PLASMOID AND STRAIMERS IN CONDUCTING ENVIRONMENT
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionIn this work, a model is developed that describes the formation of a plasmoid and streamers in a conducting medium. To describe the contribution of the conductivity currents, we modified the standard electrostatic equation taking into account the vortex component of the electric field. As a result of this generalization, the streamer model is formulated in the form of a system of parabolictype nonlinear equations. As is known, in laboratories it is possible to create a plasmoid with a lifetime of 300 500 ms and a diameter of 1020 cm, which is interpreted as a ball lightning. With highspeed photography, a complex structure is detected, consisting of a plasmoid and surrounding streamers. Within the framework of the proposed model, problems are posed about the formation of a plasmoid and the propagation of streamers in an external electric field. In this model, the plasmoid is considered to be a longlived streamer. The range of parameters in which a plasmoid of spherical shape is formed is indicated. It is established that there are three streamer branching mechanisms. The first mechanism is related to the instability of the front, which leads to the separation of the head of the streamer into two parts. The second mechanism is associated with the instability of the streamer in the base region, which leads to the branching of the streamer with the formation of a large number of lateral streamers closing the main channel of the streamer to the cathode. In numerical experiments, the third branching mechanism observed in experiments connected with the branching of the plasmoid in the cathode region with the closure of the space charge to the anode through the streamer system was observed. The similarity of ball lightning and plasmoid is discussed. If this similarity is confirmed, then the number of theoretical hypotheses concerning the nature of ball lightning, currently more than 200, can be drastically reduced to one described in this article

SIMULATION OF A PLASMA CHANNEL AND TRACK IN MOTION OF PLASMA SOURCE IN CONDUCTIVE ENVIRONMENT
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionA model is developed that describes the formation of the plasma channel and the trace when moving in a conducting medium of various objects that are sources of plasma  ball lightning, plasmoids, charged particles, and so on. To describe the contribution of conduction currents, we modified the standard electrostatic equation considering the vortex component of the electric field. As a result of this generalization, a system of parabolictype nonlinear equations is formulated that describes the formation of the plasma channel and the track behind the moving object. In this formulation, the problem of the formation of the lightning channel in weak electric fields, characteristic for atmospheric discharges of cloudearth, is solved. Numerical simulation of the motion of plasma sources in a region with a ratio of the sizes 1/100, 1/200 makes it possible to find the shape of the channel and the total length of the track, as well as the branching regimes. It was previously established that there are three streamer branching mechanisms. The first mechanism is associated with the instability of the front, which leads to the separation of the head of the streamer into two parts. The second mechanism is related to the instability of the streamer in the base region, which leads to the branching of the streamer with the formation of a large number of lateral streamers closing the main channel of the streamer to the cathode. The third branching mechanism, observed in experiments, is associated with the closure of the space charge to the anode through the streamer system. These branching mechanisms are also revealed when the leader is spread. Numerical experiments have revealed a new channel branching mechanism and a trace behind a moving plasma object, caused by the conductivity of the medium

SIMULATION OF NONLINEAR COLOR OSCILLATIONS IN YANGMILLS THEORY
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article presents the simulation of nonlinear spatialtemporal color oscillations in YangMills theory in the case of SU (2) and SU (3) symmetry. We examined three systems of equations derived from the YangMills theory, which describes the transition to chaotic behaviour. These transitions are caused by nonlinear vibrations of colour, depending on the model parameters  the coupling constants and the initial wave amplitude. Such transitions to chaotic behaviour by increasing the parameters are characteristic of hydrodynamic turbulence. A model of spatialtemporal oscillations of the YangMills theory in the case of three and eight colors. The results of numerical simulation show that the nonlinear interaction does not lead to a spatial mixing of colors as it might be in the case of turbulent diffusion. Depending on the system parameters there is a suppression of the amplitude of the oscillations the first three of five colors or vice versa  the first three five other colors. The kinetic energy fluctuations or shared equally between the color components, or dominated by the kinetic energy of repressed groups of colors. Note that the general property of physical systems described by nonlinear equations in the YangMills theory and hydrodynamics is particularly strong in the formation of quarkgluon plasma and hadrons jets, when the YangMills is involved in the formation of hydrodynamic flow. Note that there is a relationship between the Einstein and YangMills theory, on the one hand, Einstein's equations and hydrodynamics  on the other. All of this points to the existence in the nature of a general mechanism of formation of a special type of turbulence  geometric turbulence

HADRONS METRICS SIMULATION ON THE YANGMILLS EQUATIONS
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionIn this article we consider the YangMills theory in connection with the Einstein and Maxwell equations. The model of a metric satisfying the basic requirements of particle physics and cosmology is proposed. Firstly we consider the example of a purely temporary solution of the YangMills equations in the space of torsionfree and the basic equations of the model of the cosmological scale. Some exact solutions and numerical model in a case, when density of baryonic matter and electromagnetic energy density remains constant over time been investigated. We obtained the solution combines the properties of Einstein's model, and Friedman’s model as well, describes the universe as a timedependent metric, and with a constant density distribution of baryonic matter and electromagnetic field. Secondly, the model of the proton scale proposed. We proved that the metric of the observable universe is associated with a metric of the periodic lattice, given by the Weierstrass function. We find that there may be a spherical particle, which expand in sync with the space of the universe. Therefore, from the point of view of the outside observer they seem having static form like protons.

SIMULATION OF HADRON MASSES AND ATOMIC NUCLEI EXITED STATES IN THE GLUON CONDENSATE MODEL
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionIn this article we consider a scalar model of the gluon condensate, in which bubbles are formed  glue balls. It is shown that the mass of the known hadrons as well as nuclei exited states are described with the acceptable accuracy by the integral of the condensate density in terms of the glueball

SIMULATING AND PREDICTING GLOBAL CLIMATIC ANOMALIES SUCH AS EL NINO AND LA NINA
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe paper discusses the modeling and prediction of the climate of our planet with the use of artificial intelligence AIDOSX. We have developed a number of semantic information models, demonstrating the presence of the elements of similarity between the motion of the lunar orbit and the displacement of the instantaneous pole of the Earth. It was found that the movement of the poles of the Earth leading to the variations in the magnetic field, seismic events, as well as violations of the global atmospheric circulation and water, and particular to the emergence of episodes such as El Niño and La Niña. Through semantic information models studied some equatorial regions of the Pacific Ocean, as well as spatial patterns of temperate latitudes, revealed their relative importance for the prediction of global climatic disturbances in the tropical and temperate latitudes. The reasons of occurrence of El Niño Modoki and their relationship with the movement of elements of the lunar orbit in the longterm cycles are established. Earlier, we had made a forecast of the occurrence of El Niño episode in 2015. Based on the analysis of semantic models concluded that the expected El Niño classical type. On the basis of the prediction block AIDOSX calculated monthly evolution scenario of global climate anomalies. In this paper, the analysis of the actual implementation forecast of El Niño since its publication in January 2015  before June 2015. It is shown that the predicted scenario of climatic anomalies actually realized. Calculations of future climate scenarios with system «AidosX» recognition module indicate that further possible abnormal excess temperature indicators of surface ocean waters in regions Nino 1,2 and Nino3,4 for 2015 may be comparable with similar abnormalities in the catastrophic El Niño of 19971998.