name
Orlov Alexander Ivanovich
Scholastic degree
•
•
•
Academic rank
professor
Honorary rank
—
Organization, job position
• Bauman Moscow State Technical University
Research interests
статистические методы, организационноэкономическое моделирование. Разработал новую область прикладной статистики — статистику объектов нечисловой природы
Web site url
—
Current rating (overall rating of articles)
0
TOP5 coauthors
Articles count: 152
Сформировать список работ, опубликованных в Научном журнале КубГАУ

MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF RATINGS
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionWhen developing management solutions with the aim of joint consideration and comparison of various factors, partial removal of uncertainty is widely used ratings. In the theory of decisionmaking in almost the same sense, we use the terms "composite index" or "integrated indicator". The article is devoted to the mathematical theory of ratings as tools for studying socioeconomic systems. We considered, primarily, linear ratings which is a linear function from a single (private) indicators (factors, criteria), constructed using the coefficients of importance (weightiness, importance). The study discusses the factors affecting the magnitude of the ratings. Three groups of causes affect the value of a line ranking: the ways of measurement of individual indicators, the choice of the set of indicators; the values of the coefficients of importance. We considered binary ratings when the rating takes two values. To compare the proposed rankings we use a new indicator of the quality of diagnostics and prognostic power. Significantly, in many managerial situations, significant differences between objects are identified using any rating. According to the fundamental results of stability theory, the same source data should be processed in several ways. Matching findings, obtained using multiple methods, likely reflect the properties of reality. The difference is the result of a subjective selection method. When using the results of the comparison of objects according to several indicators (criteria ratings), including in dynamics, very useful is the selection of the Pareto set. We discuss the examples of the application of the decision theory, expert evaluations and rankings when developing complex technical systems

ASYMPTOTIC METHODS OF STATISTICAL CONTROL
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionStatistical control is a sampling control based on the probability theory and mathematical statistics. The article presents the development of the methods of statistical control in our country. It discussed the basics of the theory of statistical control – the plans of statistical control and their operational characteristics, the risks of the supplier and the consumer, the acceptance level of defectiveness and the rejection level of defectiveness. We have obtained the asymptotic method of synthesis of control plans based on the limit average output level of defectiveness. We have also developed the asymptotic theory of single sampling plans and formulated some unsolved mathematical problems of the theory of statistical control

DISTANCES IN THE SPACES OF STATISTICAL DATA
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe core of applied statistics is statistics in spaces of arbitrary nature, based on the use of distances and optimization problems. This article discusses the various distances in spaces of statistical data, in particular, their conclusions on the basis of appropriate systems of axioms. The conditions and proofs of theorems first published in scientific periodicals

ESTIMATES OF PROBABILITY DENSITY FUNCTION IN SPACES OF ARBITRARY NATURE
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionLinear estimators of the probability of density in the spaces of an arbitrary nature and particular cases – nuclear, histogram, the FixHodges type estimates are introduced. Consistency and asymptotic normality of linear estimates are proved under natural conditions. It is shown that the probability of the area can be found by linear density estimates. A special case of a finite set are discussed, it was found that sample mode converges to the theoretical one

ABOUT CONTROLLING OF SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITY
DescriptionWe have selected the new area of controlling  scientific activity controlling. We consider some problems of development in this field, primarily the problem of selection of key performance indicators. It’s been founded that administrative measures stimulated the pursuit of a number of articles published in scientific journals hinders the development of science. Methodological errors  emphasis on citation indexes, impact factors, etc.  lead to wrong management decisions. As the experience of the UK, an expertise should be applied in the management of science. The article briefly discusses some of the drawbacks of the system of scientific specialties. It is proposed to expand research on the science of science and scientific activity controlling. We have also discussed the problems of controlling in applied research organizations

CURRENT STATUS OF NONPARAMETRIC STATISTICS
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionNonparametric statistics is one of the five points of growth of applied mathematical statistics. Despite the large number of publications on specific issues of nonparametric statistics, the internal structure of this research direction has remained undeveloped. The purpose of this article is to consider its division into regions based on the existing practice of scientific activity determination of nonparametric statistics and classify investigations on nonparametric statistical methods. Nonparametric statistics allows to make statistical inference, in particular, to estimate the characteristics of the distribution and testing statistical hypotheses without, as a rule, weakly proven assumptions about the distribution function of samples included in a particular parametric family. For example, the widespread belief that the statistical data are often have the normal distribution. Meanwhile, analysis of results of observations, in particular, measurement errors, always leads to the same conclusion  in most cases the actual distribution significantly different from normal. Uncritical use of the hypothesis of normality often leads to significant errors, in areas such as rejection of outlying observation results (emissions), the statistical quality control, and in other cases. Therefore, it is advisable to use nonparametric methods, in which the distribution functions of the results of observations are imposed only weak requirements. It is usually assumed only their continuity. On the basis of generalization of numerous studies it can be stated that to date, using nonparametric methods can solve almost the same number of tasks that previously used parametric methods. Certain statements in the literature are incorrect that nonparametric methods have less power, or require larger sample sizes than parametric methods. Note that in the nonparametric statistics, as in mathematical statistics in general, there remain a number of unresolved problems

MAIN FEATURES OF THE NEW PARADIGM OF MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe new paradigm of mathematical statistics is based on the transition from parametric to nonparametric statistical methods, the numerical data  to nonnumeric, on the intensive use of information technology. Its distinctive features are revealed in comparison with the old paradigm of mathematical statistics in the midtwentieth century

ORGANIZATIONALECONOMIC MODELING OF THE CONTROL PROBLEMS OF ECONOMIC UNITS
DescriptionThe management was established in Bauman Moscow State Technical University. The core of the economic theory is engineering economics, above all  product lifecycle management, controlling and organizationaleconomic modelling. The article illustrates how economists and managers can help teams to achieve innovation

PROBABILISTICSTATISTICAL METHODS IN KOLMOGOROV’S RESEARCHES
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionFrom a modern point of view we have discussed Kolmogorov’s researches in the axiomatic approach to probability theory, the goodnessoffit test of the empirical distribution with theoretical, properties of the median estimates as a distribution center, the effect of "swelling" of the correlation coefficient, the theory of averages, the statistical theory of crystallization of metals, the least squares method, the properties of sums of a random number of random variables, statistical control, unbiased estimates, axiomatic conclusion of logarithmic normal distribution in crushing, the methods of detecting differences in the weathertype experiments

01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionCurrently, the majority of scientific, technical and economic studies use statistical methods developed mainly in the first third of the XX century. They constitute the content of common textbooks. However, mathematical statistics are rapidly developing in the next 60 years. In some situations there is a need of the transition from classical to modern methods. As an example, we discuss the problem of testing the homogeneity of two independent samples. We have considered the conditions of applicability of the traditional method of testing the homogeneity based on the use of Student's tstatistic, as well as more uptodate methods. We describe a probabilistic model of generation of statistical data in the problem of testing the homogeneity of two independent samples. In terms of this model the concept of "homogeneity" ("no difference"), can be formalized in different ways. High degree of homogeneity is achieved if the two samples are taken from one and the same population (absolute homogeneity). In some cases it is advisable to testing the coincidence of some characteristics of the elements of the sample  mathematical expectations, medians, variances, coefficients of variation, and others (testing the homogeneity of characteristics). To test the homogeneity of mathematical expectations is often recommended classic ttest. It is believed that the samples taken from a normal distributions with equal variances. It is shown that for scientific, technical and economic data the preconditions of twosample ttest usually are not performed. To test the homogeneity of mathematical expectations instead of ttest we have offered to use the CramerWelch test. We have considered the consistent nonparametric Smirnov and LehmannRosenblatt tests for absolute homogeneity