№ 111(7), September, 2015
Public date: 30.09.2015
Archive of journal: Articles count 117, 260 kb

01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe steady increase in demand for isotopes requires the development of methods to increase the efficiency of isotope separation technologies. Methods of isotope separation based on thermodynamic differences of isotopic forms of the molecules don't require significant investment, but characterized by a low rate of exchange. It's known that the magnetic effect leads to a change the vibrational frequency of the molecules, and therefore their thermodynamic parameters. The change increases the thermodynamic parameters, including the exchange rate. The results of the experimental determination of the thermal effect of dissolving the salts of NaCl, KCl, CuSO4, sodium amalgam decomposition by distillate in a magnetic field and without field were shown. Magnetic interference can have a significant effect on the amalgam exchange method which was shown by quantum and mechanical analysis of the results

01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionIn the article the application of systemiccognitive analysis and its mathematical model i.e. the system theory of the information and its program toolkit which is "Eidos" system for loading images from graphics files, synthesis of the generalized images of classes, their abstraction, classification of the generalized images (clusters and constructs) comparisons of concrete images with the generalized images (identification) are examined. We suggest using the theory of information for processing the data and its size for every pixel which indicates that the image is of a certain class. A numerical example is given in which on the basis of a number of specific examples of images belonging to different classes, forming generalized images of these classes, independent of their specific implementations, i.e., the "Eidoses" of these images (in the definition of Plato) – the prototypes or archetypes of images (in the definition of Jung). But the "Eidos" system provides not only the formation of prototype images, which quantitatively reflects the amount of information in the elements of specific images on their belonging to a particular prototypes, but a comparison of specific images with generic (identification) and the generalization of pictures images with each other (classification)

01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article examines the historical aspect of the appearance of the concept of the photon, which was introduced through the works of Planck, Einstein, Compton, Lewis. It is noted that the photon has both corpuscular characteristics (momentum, mass, energy) and wave (frequency, wavelength), which are interconnected. Thus, the photon has dual properties – of a particle and a wave. The article deals with the analysis described in the literature of the photon model proposed by S.M. Polyakov and O.S. Polyakova, F.M. KonarevymKrauzerom, V.G.Kozlovym and S.I. Chervyakov, as well as with their advantages and disadvantages. A version of the model in the form of a photon of two identical but oppositely charged halfmass, which simultaneously perform translational, rotational and vibrational motion was suggested. We have shown derivation of the amplitude of vibration of the two halfmass photon connected with simple relation with wavelength, described with this photon. On this basis, it is concluded that the state of a photon is characterized by a rotational movement of its oppositely charged halfstuff, which radius (r) is the amplitude of the oscillation process of each of the halfmass, and described by oppositely charged halfmass circumference length S in expanded form in a result of the progressive movement is the length wave l. This work displays the wave equation describing the motion of photons in the form of a standing wave which is a complete analogindependent Schrödinger equation for the motion of an electron in a hydrogen atom

Warm, warmth and internal energy of a body
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article discusses the question of the concepts of heat and internal energy of a body. The analysis of these concepts in the historical aspect and the views of the author, based on the new photon theory of atomic structure were presented in this study. The analysis of the historical aspect of this question tells that the concepts of heat and internal energy of the body for a long time were associated with the concept of caloric, which can flow in the substance. The next step was the identification of the concept of heat with energy linked with the movement and work. In accordance with this, Clausius proved the equivalence of heat and work as the first principle of the theory of heat and introduced the concept of internal energy, which can be increased in two ways  making work on body, and summing heat to it. Thus, energy was the main uniting factor of work and heat. Then, the kinetic theory of heat, as the energy of motion of molecules, was developed by Maxwell and caloric model turned out to be a hindrance in the development of the theory of heat. In fact, the internal energy of the body is determined photons, rotating around charged particles in atoms in their orbitals. The series of photons are combined into a single photon orbital direction of rotation of the photons, which are different from each other. Thus, the body has an internal energy or internal heat. It is due to the energy of photons, orbiting electrons in the outer shell of each atom, as well as around the charged particles  electrons and protons in the nucleus of an atom. This internal energy may be increased by mechanical action on the body, leading to an increase in resulting oscillation frequency of photons around charged particles of atoms and the internal heat contained in the body can flow of the body with a higher concentration of heat to the body with a lower concentration of heat

01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe study of the thermophysical properties of liquids gives an opportunity of qualitative and quantitative evaluation of condensed matter theory, phase transitions and critical phenomena. To forecast the thermodynamic properties of liquid natural hydrocarbons one must know the basic heatphysical characteristics in a wide range of condition parameters. We have researched specific isobaric thermal heat capacity of gas condensates of Oposhnyanskoye, Solokhovskoye, Bukharskoye, Rybalskoye, Stavropolskoye, Schebelinskoye and Yubileinoye deposits theoretically and experimentally. These substances were in liquid phase on pseudocritical isobar in the range of temperatures from minus 40 till 100 °C. In the article the findings of the investigation are presented. The mean relative experimental error doesn’t exceed ± 1.5 %, with reliability 0.95. The universal equation expressing specific isobaric thermal heat capacity as the function of temperature and molar mass has been obtained. It describes specific isobaric thermal heat capacity on pseudocritical isobar for investigated natural hydrocarbons with the mean relative error, which does not exceed ± 1.65 %. The use of the equation for the calculation of specific isobaric thermal heat capacity of the substances of other deposits is recommended

About fragile fracture of solids in the formation of a "narrow" isolated defect
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionWe obtain a macroscopic criterion of fragile fracture (limit curve) when creating an isolated defect in the form of “narrow” undercut, when conformal mapping of the exterior of a unit circle on the plane with deeffect in the form of a recess defined by cut fiberfoam series. It is shown that in this case, the limit curve has the form identical to the case when the defect is set to "narrow" ellipse. The same crack oriented along either the compressive stress or tensile perpendicular stress. From here, we can suggest that the shape and geometric properties of a sufficiently "narrow" defect do not affect the values of the critical loads required to start its distribution

01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article presents a project of the YangMills amplifier. Amplifier model is a multilayer spherical shell with increasing density towards the center. In the center of the amplifier is the core of highdensity material. It is shown that in such a system, the amplitude of the YangMills waves rises from the periphery to the center of several orders of magnitude. The role of the YangMills field in the processes occurring in the nuclei of galaxies, stars and planets is discussed. The data modeling to strengthen the YangMills field in the bowels of the planet, with an atomic explosion, and in some special devices such as the voltaic pile. To describe the mechanism of amplification chromodynamics field used as accurate results in YangMills theory and numerical models developed based on an average and the exact equations as well. Among the exact solutions of the special role played by the centralsymmetric metric describing the contribution of the YangMills field in the speed of recession of galaxies. Among the approximate numerical models can be noted the eightscalar model we have developed for the simulation of nonlinear color oscillations and chaos in the YangMills theory. Earlier models were investigated spatiotemporal oscillations of the YangMills theory in the case of three and eight colors. The results of numerical simulation show that the nonlinear interaction does not lead to a spatial mixing of colors as it might be in the case of turbulent diffusion. Depending on the system parameters there is a suppression of the amplitude of the oscillations the first three by five colors or vice versa. The kinetic energy fluctuations or shared equally between the color components, or dominated by the kinetic energy of repressed groups of colors. In the present study, we found that amplification chromodynamic field leads to a sharp increase in the amplitude of the suppressed color, which can lead to an increase in entropy, excitation of nuclear reactions and decays particles

01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article presents a model for choosing a variety of alternative solutions, in which we have a subset of turns or more alternative options, based on the use of the Bayesian approach, based on the formulated concept of security functions as a priori estimate of the effects of the decision. This reduces the projected parameters and, therefore, increases the values of security. Thus, the considered indicators of data protection reflect the essence of Bayesian approach to decision making and management of GIS, so it allows to generate optimal decision rules

STATISTICAL MODELS DECISION SUPPORT FOR INFORMATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN AN AUTOMATED SYSTEM
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article deals with mathematical models of management decisionmaking to select the option to protect the AU, based on sufficient statistical information about attacks on the AU. The amount of a priori uncertainty about the choice of protection option in GIS was described with Boltzmann's entropy. Introduction of the value within Shannon’s definition of mutual information is called the context random variables, it allows removing the uncertainty regarding the actions of the enemy, and it enables decisionmakers to choose protection options. The model of decision for choosing the type of protection of the AIS presented in the article is based on sufficient statistical information about the attacks to the system components. In the ideal case, for decisionmaking, we use large sample statistical data that provides high accuracy control system for protection of information. Based on the available amount of information available to the IPA, against the acts of SIN, it is possible to choose a decision on the choices you make

Description
The present article belongs to the area of organic chemistry, namely, to chemistry of heterocyclic compounds. For the purpose of optimization of a method of synthesis the threecyclic heteroaromatic systems containing a pyridine, thiophen and pyrimidine ring in one molecule,  tetrahydropyridothienopyrimidinon and dihydropyridothienopyrimidinon – reaction 3aminothieno[2,3b]pyridine2carbokxamides with aromatic aldehydes is studied, some of which contain pharmacolodical groups. Reaction was carried out in the conditions of an acid catalysis – is used pTsOH. Influence of the nature of solvent (toluene, ethanol, mix ethanoldimethilformamide (1:1)) on the course and the direction of reaction are studied. It is established that carrying out reaction in toluene leads to the dihydropyrimidine containing in situation 2 phenyl, 4bromphenyl deputies. In the presence in a molecule of initial aldehyde of the deputy in ortosituation tetrahydropyrimidine are formed. Use of ethanol mainly leads to formation of a tetrahydropyrimidine ring. Boiling of initial substances in mix ethanolDMF yields the results similar to use of toluene, but time of reaction is reduced twice. The way of receiving the dihydroderivatives shortterm boiling of tetrahydropyrimidine is found in mix isopropanolDMF (a volume ratio of solvents 1:3). Identity of the received substances is proved by method of a thin layer chromatography. The structure of the synthesized connections is confirmed with the element analysis. The structure of tertagidropirimidinon and digidropirimidinon is proved with use of data of IK and NMR 1H of the spectral analysis