Podvalenko Pavel Pavlovich
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The polymorphism is the diversity of varieties in ampelografy - the presence simultaneous permanent in the population of two or several phenotypic and genotype differing groups of plants of one variety – i.e. clones. In viticulture the isogenic population is usually called “clone” and variety as the total of clones or forms – i.e. it is heterogenic. Polymorphism of varieties has big practical sense, as varieties-clones have the harmonic complementary adaptive ampelocenosis and higher economical effect for production. In the article the polymorphism of two heterogenic population - the group Pinot and Riesling, which are the best specimen of French and German viticulture is described on the phenotypic level of leaves
The clone selection has very outstanding position behind the actual problems of modern viticulture in the world and in our country. This problem usually has the primary importance behind the scientist who works with grape in all the countries such as USA, German, French, Spain, Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria, Moldavia, Ukraine and etc. In our country last years some positions becomes solving in the plane of scientific research work. Consequently, in the article the history and the situation of clone selection of grape on the Eurasian continent is widely covered.