№ 123(9), November, 2016
Public date: 30.11.2016
Archive of journal: Articles count 141, 382 kb

01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionSpecially formed mixtures of isotopes of chemical elements have better consumer properties than their natural counterparts. Therefore, the development of methods for increasing the efficiency of the known methods for producing of isotope materials is relevant. It is known that the chemical bond is formed only in the singlet state of the spins of valence electrons of the reagents. On the basis of the known representations about dispersion of spin projections on the coordinate axes and the molecularkinetic theory of gases was obtained an expression for the constant of the chemical reaction between the radicals occurring in the magnetic field. This expression allows calculating the reactivity of the isotopic modifications of radicals. Plasma allows to transfer many of the compounds in the gas phase. It is known that a significant part of particles in low temperature plasma is in a radical form. The equations of chemical kinetics for describing the process of oxidation of the carbon isotopes in argonoxygen plasma occurring in an external permanent magnetic field were written in the work. It was shown that the efficiency of plasma process of isotopes separation can be increased only under insufficient oxygen relative to the stoichiometric value. These equations of chemical kinetics of processes occurring in the plasma process of incomplete oxidation of carbon isotopes needed to find experimental conditions that provide the maximum isotope effect in a magnetic field

MANYBODY PROBLEM IN THE METRIC OF CIRCULAR DISTRIBUTED SOURSES
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionIn this article we consider the manybody problem in general relativity in the case of the distribution of N singularities on the circle. It specifies the exact solution of the problem for an arbitrary distribution of singularities. It is shown that the static metric of N singularities corresponds to Newton's theory of N centers of gravity, moving around the central body in a circular orbit in a noninertial frame of reference, rotating with a period of bodies revolving. We consider the statement of the problem of many bodies distributed at the initial time on the circle. In numerical calculations, we studied the properties of the gravitational potential in the problem of establishing a static condition in which multiple singularities retain the initial position on the circle. This is achieved due to relativistic effects, which have no analogues in Newton's theory of gravitation. Using the properties of relativistic potentials justified transition from the relativistic motion of the particles to the dynamic equations in the classical theory. A system of nonlinear parabolic equations describing the evolution of the metric in the Ricci flow proposed. The problem of the calculation of the potentials in the Ricci flow formulated. The application of the theory to describe the ring galaxy, planetary rings and the asteroid belt considered

DYNAMICS OF RELATIVISTIC PARTICLES IN THE RING AND SPIRAL GALAXY METRIC
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionIn this work, we examine the dynamics of relativistic particles in the ring or spiral galaxy metric in general relativity. On the basis of the solution of Einstein's equations we have derived metric having axial symmetry, comprising N centers of gravity and a logarithmic singularity. The application received metrics to describe the motion of particles in a spiral and ring galaxy. On the basis of Einstein's equations solutions for vacuum we are explained rotation of matter in spiral galaxies. An expression for gravitation potential in the inner region of spiral galaxies in agreement with experimental data on the rotation of the CO and hydrogen is described. It is established that in the metric with N centers of gravity which are distributed on the circumference, exist as a local motion near the center of gravity, and motion around N gravity center as well. The transition from one mode of motion to another is determined by the initial distance to the circle on which the distributed centers of gravity. A system of nonlinear parabolic equations describing the evolution of the metric in the Ricci flow proposed. The boundary problem for the gravitational potentials in the Ricci flow was formulated. There are applications of the theory to describe a spiral and ring galaxy

Description
The present work describes the chemical synthesis of polyN,Ndiallyl pyrrolidinium bromide and polyN,Ndiallyl morpholinium bromide  highmolecular compounds containing quaternary nitrogen atoms, which included in two five and/or sixmembered heterocyclic rings. These polymers are perspective modifiers for industrially produced anionexchange membranes, the use of which should significantly improve the resistance to degradation of the membranes at overlimiting current regimes. The structure of obtained polymers was characterized by FTIR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The optimal reaction conditions, which increase the yield of desired products, were defined. It is shown that is preferable to use 1butanol as a solvent and benzoyl peroxide as an initiator

Description
In this article we consider application of the automated systemic and cognitive analysis (ASKanalysis), its mathematical model – a systemic information theory and the program tools realizing them – the intellectual Eidos system, for input (digitization) of images from graphic files, synthesis of the generalized images of classes, their abstraction, classification of the generalized images of classes (clusters and constructs), comparison of concrete images with the generalized images (identification) of classes, comparisons of classes with each other and creations of the generalized images of genus of ground beetles on the basis of images of the types. The new approach to digitization of images of ground beetles based on use of a polar frame, the center of weight of the image and its external contour is offered. Before digitization of images, their transformations standardizing the provision of images, their sizes and an angle of rotation can be applied. Therefore, the results of digitization and the ASKanalysis of images can be invariant (are independent) concerning their situation, the sizes and turn. There is a successful experience of the solution of similar tasks in other subject domains. This article can be considered as a continuation of series of the works devoted to application of the automated systemic and cognitive analysis (ASKanalysis) and its program tools – the Eidos system

Description
The article presents the results on the effects of Imazethapyr herbicide on aquatic organisms. The chronic toxic effects have been studied of the imidazolinone herbicide in a concentration range of 0.4  1150 mg/l to the representatives of various groups of aquatic organisms: zoobenthos – great ramshorn snail (Planorbarius corneus), zooplankton  Daphnia (Daphnia magna Straus), phytoplankton  protococcal alga (Scenedesmus guadrigauda) and macrophytes  higher aquatic vegetation (Elodea canadensis Michx). It is shown that the herbicide does not have a pronounced lethal effect to aquatic organisms tested. Their respective LC50 values are > 1000, 680, 510 and 910. Elodea is shown to be most sensitive to its sublethal effects (decreased growth of lateral and main sprouts at a concentration of 10 mg/l and more), reduced fertility was observed in Daphnia at a concentration of 300 mg/l and above, and as to the great ramshorn snail no sublethal effects have been revealed for all the concentrations studied

INTRODUCTION OF NEW GRAPES VARIETIES TO THE IN VITRO CULTURE
DescriptionClonal micromultiplication – is this the basic method of obtaining the qualitative virusfree planting material. The high quality specificity of the explants reaction of the grapes varieties to the composition of nutrient medium requires the individual selection of the medium components for the most successful multiplication in vitro. In the article we present the results of studies on the cultivation of the grapes apexes in vitro the modified medium with the reduced content of macrocells. As a result of conducted investigations we have established that for the grapes varieties of Academic Trubilin, Artemis, Gurman Kraynova, Maria Kallas, Nizina, Petit Verdo and Traminer Black the most effective introduction into the in vitro culture (acclimatization of apexes 80 100%) occurs on modified nutrient medium to Murasige and Skoog (1962), by being differed in terms of the content macroelements (mG/l): NH4NO3 – 1237; KNO3 – 1425; MgSO4 · 7N2O – 277,5; KN2PO4 · H2O – 277,5, of the vitamin Of v1 – 10,0 mG/l, nicotinic acid – 4 mG/l. Remaining varieties of Kishmish luchistiy, Preobrajenie, Roshfor K and Yubiley Novocherkasska in the same medium were developed slowly and in a different way

THE APPLICATION OF THE BACTERIOPHAGES TO COMBAT COLIBACILLOSIS AND CAMPYLOBACTERIOSIS IN POULTRY
DescriptionThis work considers the needs and methods of phage therapy of two bacterial infections in poultry. The review examines the use of bacteriophages, from the moment of their discovery to the present day. We discuss the relevance of such diseases as compilobacteriosis and colibacteriosis transmitted from birds to humans, we show how to use bacteriophages and their efficacy in models of adult birds and chickens, including information provided on the pilot study of phage therapy at a poultry farm. The reported study was partially supported by RFBR, research projects No. 1644230855 and No. 1304 00991 and № 1644230855р_а

BIOMONITORING OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS CONTAMINATION OF RECREATIONAL AREAS OF ROSTOVONDON
DescriptionThe article presents the data on the chemical elements content in soils, plant leaves and lichens of three squares in RostovonDon. The calculation of the total index of soil contamination by chemical elements finds that soils of the square are characterized by a low degree of contamination

MODERN WAYS OF OILCONTAMINATED WASTE UTILIZATION FOR THE ELIMINATION OF POLLUTION
DescriptionThe article deals with the problem of eliminating environmental pollution by oilcontaminated waste. It's suggested modern ways of improving technologies for oily waste utilization. The comparative characteristic of the essence, advantages and disadvantages, effectiveness of ways of waste recycling is described. The basic utilization technologies of oil sludge of various origins are emphasized taking into account the aspects of their composition and properties. It's represented the results of a patent search in this area to ensure a high level of new developments. It's characterized the developed technologies for utilization and recycling of oily waste to produce environmentally products of utilization – organic and mineral additives which are suitable for use as secondary material resources