№ 107(3), March, 2015
Public date: 31.03.2015
Archive of journal: Articles count 114, 263 kb

01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article is devoted to the solution of the problem which is the fact that on the one hand, the rating of Russian universities is in demand and on the other hand it hasn’t been created yet. The proposed idea of solving the problem consists in the application of domestic licensing of innovative intelligent technologies for these purposes: we have suggested using an automated systemcognitive analysis (ASCanalysis) and its software tools – the intelligent system called "Eidos". These methods are described in detail in this context. It is proposed to consider the possibility of applying these tools on the example of the Guardian University ranking. The article discusses its private criteria (indicators of universities). We specify the sources of data and the methods of their preparation for processing in "Eidos" system. In accordance with ASCanalysis methodology the article describes the installation of "Eidos", the data input into it, and the formalization of the subject area, synthesis and verification of models, their display and use to solve problems of assessment of the Guardian rating for Russian universities and research object modeling. It also discusses the prospects and ways of development of the integrated rating of Russian universities and operation of rating in adaptive mode. We have also specified the limitations of the proposed approach and the prospects of its development

THE PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF MATHEMATICAL AND TOOL METHODS OF CONTROLLING
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionStatistical methods are based on the developed theory and demonstrated its usefulness in the sectors of the economy. However, the analysis of the situation in the application of statistical methods shows obvious distress, in which accumulated in our country's scientific potential is not used to the full. As practice shows, it is not enough to develop promising modern theorybased effective mathematical and instrumental methods of controlling. For using such methods in mass, it is necessary that they would be implemented. Management of innovations, i.e. innovation management, quite rightly is currently one of the most debated sections of the economy and the organization of production, of the entire economic science in general. However, the implementation of applied statistics and other statistical methods, more generally, mathematical and instrumental methods of controlling, has its own specifics. It is considered in the article. We have highlighted the developmental vulnerabilities  low scientific level of many individuals applying statistical methods, the lack of organizational structure of applied statistics as a field of applied activities and others. We regret to note that the very idea of the need to establish requirements for the methods of data analysis and project formulations such requirements remained outside the attention of those professionals who need them and were addressed. We have no adequate system of guidance for documents on concrete statistical methods performed on modern scientific level. According to the author, the desired future of applied statistics is reorganization according to the model of Metrology. We have analyzed the application of statistical methods as a specialty. The analysis of state standards on statistical methods and the causes of them blunders are given. We have discussed the status of documents for statistical methods for standardization and quality control. We discuss a new system of "Six Sigma" for implementation advanced mathematical and instrumental methods of controlling

ECONOMETRICS FOR THE CONNROLLERS
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionRequirements for the professional training of сontrollers include, in particular, the requirements for an intelligent tool that controllers must possess. One of such tools is the econometrics. Organization of training, in particular, preparation of curricula, programs, teaching materials and textbooks, involves discussion of the scope and content of the relevant discipline. We have given the description of the econometric tools of controlling, including the courses of "Econometrics1" and "Econometrics2", which the Department of the IBM2 "Economics and organization of production" is on the faculty "Engineering and Business Management" of Bauman Moscow State Technical University. We have discussed the external environment of econometrics and the necessary changes in it. For example, the course of "Probability Theory and Mathematical Statistics" is the basis for the study of econometrics. However, it has to be brought into line with modern requirements. In particular, it is necessary to consider such things as random elements with values in an arbitrary space, empirical and theoretical means in such spaces, to prove the laws of large numbers in general statements. Simultaneously with the specified extension course content is reasonable to exclude from the program methods based on those assumptions are not met in the concrete economic situations. In particular, we have to eliminate the onesample and twosample Student's t tests and replace them with the corresponding nonparametric tests. We do not need the "classical" and geometric probability, etc. We have given the importance of the problem of constructing integral indicators in various problems of econometrics; issues of analysis of the situation by means of a system of indicators are discussed in detail

ECONOMETRIC TOOLS OF CONTROLLING
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionEconometrics is one of the most effective mathematical tools of controlling. The article deals with general problems of application of econometric methods in solving problems of controlling. Econometric methods  is primarily a statistical analysis of concrete economic data, of course, with the help of computers. In our country, they are still relatively little known, even though we have the most powerful scientific school in the foundations of econometrics  the probability theory. The article shows that to decide the problems of controlling is necessary to apply econometric methods. Classification of econometric tools can be carried out on various grounds: on methods, by type of data, in tasks, etc. Mass introduction of software products, including modern econometric analysis tools of concrete economic data can be regarded as one of the most effective ways to accelerate scientific and technological progress. The whole arsenal currently used econometric and statistical techniques (methods) can be divided into three streams: high econometric (statistical) technology; classical econometric (statistical) technology, low (inadequate, obsolete) econometric (statistical) technology. The main problem of modern econometrics is to ensure that the concrete econometric and statistical studies used only the first two types of technology. To get a broader representation of the use of econometric methods in the management of production organization we analyze basic textbook "Organization and planning of engineering production (production management)," prepared by the Department of "Economics and organization of production" of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University. It has more than 20 times using econometric methods and models that testify to the effectiveness of such a tool of manager as econometrics

GEOMETRIC TURBULENCE IN GENERAL RELATIVITY
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe article presents the simulation results of the metric of elementary particles, atoms, stars and galaxies in the general theory of relativity and YangMills theory. We have shown metrics and field equations describing the transition to turbulence. The problems of a unified field theory with the turbulent fluctuations of the metric are considered. A transition from the Einstein equations to the diffusion equation and the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics is shown. Ther are examples of metrics in which the field equations are reduced to a single equation, it changes type depending on the equation of state. These examples can be seen as a transition to the geometric turbulence. It is shown that the field equations in general relativity can be reduced to a hyperbolic, elliptic or parabolic type. The equation of parabolic type describing the perturbations of the gravitational field on the scale of stars, galaxies and clusters of galaxies, which is a generalization of the theory of gravitation NewtonPoisson in case of Riemannian geometry, taking into account the curvature of spacetime has been derived. It was found that the geometric turbulence leads to an exchange between regions of different scale. Under turbulent exchange material formed of two types of clusters, having positive and negative energy density that corresponds to the classical and quantum particle motion respectively. These results allow us to answer the question about the origin of the quantum theory

METRIC OF ACCELERATING AND ROTATING REFERENCE SYSTEMS IN GENERAL RELATIVITY
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionMetric describing the accelerated and rotating reference system in general relativity in the case of an arbitrary dependence of acceleration and angular velocity on time has been proposed. It is established that the curvature tensor in such metrics is zero, which corresponds to movement in the flat spaces. It is shown that the motion of test bodies in the metric accelerated and rotating reference system in general relativity is similarly to the classical motion in noninertial reference frame. Consequently, there exist a metric in general relativity, in which the Coriolis theorem and classic velocityaddition formula are true. This means that classical mechanics is accurate rather than approximate model in general relativity. A theory of potential in noninertial reference systems in general relativity is considered. The numerical model of wave propagation in noninertial reference frames in the case when potential depending of one, two and three spatial dimensions has been developed. It is shown in numerical experiment that the acceleration of the reference system leads to retardation effects, as well as to a violation of the symmetry of the wave front, indicating that there is local change of wave speed

A CLASSICAL PROBLEM FOR LOADED HYPERBOLICPARABOLIC EQUATION OF SECOND ORDER
01.00.00 Physicalmathematical sciences
DescriptionThe investigated and correct boundary value problem for mixed hyperbolicparabolic equation of second order in a bounded domain is posed and studied in this work. Boundary conditions are of a classical nature. On line of type changes, which is also the line of the parabolic degeneracy for hyperbolic equations considered in the lower halfplane, a continuous bonding condition for the function itself and the breaking condition for the trace of the derivative is given. The main result is the proof of its unique solvability in the required class of functions. In particular, based on the properties of the operators of fractional integrodifferentiation and in view of the ratio of the first boundary value problem for the heat equation, the question of the solvability of the original problem was equivalently reduced to the problem of solvability of the corresponding integral equation of the Voltaire second kind. In the hyperbolic part of the region, the question of solvability of the problem has also been reduced to the problem of solvability of the integral equation Voltaire second kind. The properties of the hypergeometric function of Gauss, as well as classical methods of integral equations were used. Thus it is proved the uniqueness and the existence of classical solution to the initial problem

Description
The article reports about the results of the new population of protected herb species studying in the Rostov region and in the Russian Federation  Cymbochasma borysthenica (Pall are given. ex Schlecht.) Klok. & Zoz (Orobanchaceae), registered in 2014 on the northern coast of Mius Liman in the RostovonDon Region. The new habitat is located at considerable distance from the earlier known. The population area has about 200 sq. m, total number – more than 1000 unevenage specimens of a seed and vegetative origin. Population consists of two cenopopulations one of which lives in community of transitional type from a timyannik to a stony steppe (association: Festuca valesiaca – Cleistogenes bulgarica – Cymbochasma borysthenica – Thymus dimorphus), another – as a part of the stony steppe (association: Festuca valesiaca + Agropyron pectinatum + Galatella villosa), created at the limestone shell rock exits. Cenopopulation in community of transitional type, despite the smaller area (50 sq. m), differs by more number and density. Both cenopopulations are similar in age ranges character and vitality of specimens. They belong to a normal type (capable to vegetative and seed selfmaintenance) with a leftside age range that allows estimating them as rather stable, despite very limited area

ИНИЦИАЦИЯ ПРОЭМБРИОГЕННЫХ КЛЕТОЧНЫХ СУСПЕНЗИЙ У ДЕВЯТИ МЕЖВИДОВЫХ ГИБРИДОВ ВИНОГРАДA
DescriptionЧерешки листьев, взятых из растений ин витро, девяти межвидовых гибридов винограда: подвоев Берландиери х Рипариа ‘Кобер 5ББ’, Рипариа х Рупестрис ‘10114’ и сортов (cvs): 'Бианка', 'Зигфридребе', 'Подарок Магарача’, ‘Первенец Магарача’, ‘Цитронный Магарача’, ‘Интервитис Магарача’ и гибридной формы ‘Магарач 1007415' культивировали на твердой среде NN, содержащей различные концентрации 2,4D и BА в различных сочетаниях. Для того, чтобы инициировать рост клеточных суспензий, проэмбриогенные каллусы пересаживали в жидкую среду NN, дополненную 1.0 мг/л 2,4Д и 0,2 мг/л BА. Субкультивирование этих суспензий в жидкую среду NN, дополненную 2 мг/л NAA и 0,1 мг/л BА, привело к развитию агрегатов эмбриоидов, а пересадка в жидкую среду с 0,5 мг/л BА вызвала развитие единичных глобулярных и сердцевидных эмбриоидов. Проэмбриогенные клеточные суспензии, состоящие из преимущественно отдельных клеток, могут быть использованы в трансформации генов и селекции на клеточном уровне с целью уменьшения вероятности появления химерных растений

CYCLICAL EFFECTS OF ACTINOMYCIN D ON THE BARLEY COLEOPTILES GROWTH
DescriptionIn cell biology, actinomycin D is shown to have the ability to inhibit transcription. Actinomycin D does this by binding DNA at the transcription initiation complex and preventing elongation of RNA chain by RNA polymerase. When soaking the seeds in a solution of actinomycin D, antibiotic blocks RNA synthesis and seed germination occurs at the expense of longliving RNA, available in the mature seed. In the article we present experimental data indicating that as storage seeds of winter barley are changing the action actinomycin D on the growth of coleoptiles. It is shown that actinomycin D at a concentration of 40 µg/ml in October reduced the growth, in December it was not authentically, and in February it was paradoxical amplified growing coleoptiles. We suggest the part of the actinomycin D fastened with growth inhibitor coleoptiles, whose structure changes during seed storage and increase the affinity of actinomicyn D to the inhibitors. At a concentration of 60 µg/ml actinomycin D effectively reduced of the coleoptiles growth. Suppression of seedlings roots growth was proportional to the concentration of the actinomycin D and exposure time